Ezekiel: Introduction to the Book
Doctrine of Angels, 1.1-5
TO THIS STUDY
The purpose of this work is to guide you in Spirit Filled
interpretation of this "Selected Study". As necessary we will provide outlines,
historical backgrounds, note the purpose and focus of the text, and also
provide the original hebrew language definitions for the key words in the
highlighted text. The English translation used is the King James (Authorized)
Version, not because it is the best translation available, but because
I just plain prefer it for study!
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and all notes within the text will be in TRUE
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Through Christ, Who taught us the way to Love: David Buffaloe,
Introduction to the Book
Title of the Book:
It was named after the Prophet Yehesco, or Ezekiel,
which translated meant "God is Strong".
The name Ezekiel emphasizes the message or theme of the Book.
That is, God strengthens the faithful remnant by means of His restoring
The name Ezekiel also emphasizes the secondary message or
theme of the Book. That is, "God is Sovereign in Power and Judgment".
Author of the Book:
The Book was accepted by the earliest Jewish believers as
the work of the Prophet Ezekiel (see the non-canon book Ecclesiasticus
The Shammai Rabbis rejected the Book in the first century
Of the sensual story in Ezekiel 16. It seemed too "X Rated"
Of Ezekiel 1, because they felt there were no specific revelations
between God and man in this section.
Because of Ezekiel Chapters 40-48 which taught about a New
Temple, a New Covenant, and a New Sacrifice.
These concepts all foretold of the coming Church Age, which
Israel utterly rejected.
In the Church Council of Damnia Ezekiel was recognized as
being a part of the Old Testament canon, and fully inspired.
The Book was again questioned by Liberal Theologians in 1924.
They declared that Ezekiel was a poet, and everything in the Book that
was not poetical was not from his hand. This is balderdash. What God inspires,
He alone inspires. And though God used human agents in the inspiration
there is no reason to believe that the will of these agents overshadowed
that of God.
The Book is again questioned by Liberal Theologians today.
These "theologians" say that though the Book was supposed
to have been written from Babylon, it seems to have actually been written
from Palestine because of the details reiterated. Again, this is foolish.
Information flowed freely from Babylon to Palestine and back again. Besides,
God was the Author. Don't you think He knew what was going on in both places
simultaneously? See Jeremiah 29 and Ezekiel 33.
Historical outline of the Book:
Jeremiah was called by God in 627 BC.
The Book of the Law, which had previously been lost, was
found. This was called the "Penteteuch".
In 609 BC King Josiah was killed in the battle of Meggido.
His son Jehoakim was placed on the throne by Egypt, though
he only reigned a few days.
Zedekiah or Jehoachin was placed on the throne of Israel
as a vassal or puppet king, and reigned until 605 BC.
In 605 BC Daniel was captured by Babylon. Jerusalem fell
under their fierce onslaught. This was the "first wave" attack on Israel.
Zedekiah or Jehoachin was allowed to stay on the throne by
Babylon, again, as a vassal king.
In 601 BC Zedekiah rebelled against Babylon and tried to
raise an army to defeat them. This led to the "second wave" attack against
Ezekiel was captured in this attack. He was commissioned
by God as a Prophet in 592 BC.
The "Great Siege" or third wave attack against Jerusalem
began in 598 BC.
The city fell in 586 BC, and the Israelites were carried
off in slavery to Babylon.
Ezekiel ministered to these captives in Babylon for 22 years.
His last dated prophecy was in the 27th year of his own captivity (see
Religious conditions in Israel
Before his calling Ezekiel was warned that the people were
apostate by God (Ezekiel 2.3-5).
Jeremiah, a contemporary of Ezekiel's, preached for 45 years
and received no conversions from among the Israelites.
The people loved to hear the false prophets, but not God's
Prophets (Jeremiah 29.4, 8-9)
Most Jews condemned God for allowing their captivity rather
than recognize it was Divine Punishment and repent (Ezekiel 18.25).
The Israelites were blatant in their idolatry, and even carried
idols to the Temple (Ezekiel 8). They prayed to the queen of heaven (Jeremiah
7.18), Molloch the bull god (Jeremiah 19.5-15), and Baal the sacraficer
of children (Jeremiah 2.8).
Contemporaries of Ezekiel
Jeremiah preached from 627 - 586 BC to the Jews prior to
Daniel preached to the Gentiles in Babylon from 605 - 533
Ezekiel preached to the Jews in Babylonian captivity from
592 - 570 BC.
Character of the Prophet
Ezekiel was a Priest from the line of Aaron (Ezekiel 1.3).
As a Priest he used many illustrations of the Temple to teach
Ezekiel was a "dumb Prophet".
God sealed his lips so that he couldn't speak unless God
directed him to do so (Ezekiel 3.26-27). Every word out of his mouth was,
in fact, Divinely Inspired.
God did this so that Ezekiel wouldn't waste time defending
himself before an apostate people. He could only teach God's Word and call
Israel to repentance.
Since the people didn't want to hear God, God often had Ezekiel
perform illustrations to interest the curiosity of the Jews. A particularly
harsh symbol used was when God took Ezekiel's wife's life, this symbolizing
Jerusalem's fall before Babylon.
Outline of the Book
Ezekiel 1-24, the Denunciation of Israel
The call of Ezekiel: 1-3
Jerusalem's destruction foretold: 4-7
Glory of God departs Jerusalem: 8-11
Individual responsibility in the fall: 12-19
Moral necessity for the coming Judgment: 20-24
Ezekiel 25-32, Judgments pronounced on the Nations
Ezekiel 33-48, the Restoration of Israel
Israel regathered: 34
Prospering in the Land: 35
Restoration of Israel: 36
Vision of Dry Bones: 37
Gog and Magog: 38-39
Millinial Israel: 40-48
Now it came to pass in the thirtieth year, in the fourth
month, in the fifth day of the month, as I was among the captives (BABYLONIAN
2ND WAVE CAPTIVES, REMOVED IN 597 BC WITH EZEKIEL AS A RESULT OF ZEDEKIAH'S
REBELLION) by the river of Chebar, (POSSIBLY
EAST OF BABYLON. NO SUCH RIVER TODAY) that the heavens were opened,
and I saw (RAAH = TO INTELLECTUALLY PERCEIVE)
visions (MARAH = REVELATIONS) of God.
In the fifth day of the month, which was the fifth year of
(ALSO REFERRED TO AS ZEDEKIAH.
AROUND THE SUMMER OF 593 - 592 BC) captivity,
The word of the Lord came expressly unto Ezekiel the priest,
(KOHEN = AN ACTING PRIEST FROM THE LINE OF AARON)
the son of Buzi, (ONE OF THE 24 COURSES OF PRIESTS)
in the land of the Chaldeans (BABYLONIANS)
by the river Chebar; and the hand (YAD = STRENGTH
OR ASSISTANCE IN TIME OF NEED, POWER) of the Lord was there upon
And I looked, (RAAH = TO INTELLECTUALLY
PERCEIVE) and, behold, a whirlwind came out of the north, a great
cloud, (ANAN = CLOUD. USED
IN SCRIPTURE TO DEFINE A LARGE BODY OF CREATURES, EITHER ANIMAL OR HUMAN)
and a fire infolding itself, (THE SHEKINAH GLORY
OF GOD) and a brightness was about it, and out of the midst thereof
as the colour of amber, out of the midst of the fire.
Also out of the midst thereof came the likeness (DEMUWTH
= RESEMBLANCE, MODEL, SHAPE, PATTERN) of four living creatures.
= THOSE HAVING LIFE) And this was their appearance; they had the
likeness of a man. (ADAM = RED CLAY MAN)
The Doctrine of Angels
ANGELS STUDY MANKIND (1 PETER 1.12)
ELECT ANGELS STUDY THE SALVATION
OF MAN WITH JOY (LUKE 15.10)
ANGELS OBSERVE THE CHURCH AND IT'S
EARTHLY LEADERS (1 COR 4.9; EPH 3.10)
AS WE APPLY GOD'S WORD IN OUR LIVES
WE BECOME OBJECT LESSONS FOR THE ANGELS (1 COR 11.9-10)
COMMANDS GIVEN BY CHURCH LEADERS ARE
WITNESSES BY ANGELS, WHO WILL RECOUNT THIS ON THE DAY OF JUDGMENT (1 TIM
FALLEN ANGELS ARE THOSE WHO
FOLLOWED SATAN IN REVOLTING AGAINST GOD
FALLEN ANGELS TORMENT MANKIND WITH
APOSTLE PAUL : 2 COR 12.7
SKIN CANCER IN JOB: JOB 2.6-8
BLINDNESS OR DUMBNESS: MAT 12.22; 9.32-33
CRIPPLING DISEASES : LUKE 13.11-12;
OPPRESSION: ACTS 10.38; MARK 5.1-13
DEMON POSSESSION: MARK 1.32-34
ARCHANGELS, ANGELS WHO
RULE OVER ALL THE OTHER ANGELS UNDER THE AUTHORITY OF GOD. LUCIFER WAS
THE ONLY FALLEN ARCHANGEL. THE TWO PROMINENT ARCHANGELS AMONG THE ELECT
ANGELS ARE MICHAEL AND GABRIEL.
MICHAEL (MEANING, "HE WHO IS
LIKE GOD"), THE WARRIOR ANGEL WHO WILL OVERTHROW SATAN JUST BEFORE THE
TIME OF THE TRIBULATION: DAN 10.13; 12.1; 10.21; JUDE 9; REV 12.7
GABRIEL (MEANING, "THE MIGHTY
ONE OF GOD") IS GOD'S MESSENGER ANGEL. HE ANNOUNCED THE COMING BIRTH OF
CHRIST TO MARY AND JOSEPH, PROTECTED THE BABY CHRIST BY WARNING JOSEPH
TO GO INTO EGYPT, ROLLED THE STONE FROM THE TOMB AT CHRIST'S RESSURECTION,
AND WAS VERY ACTIVE AMONG THE APOSTLES IN THE EARLY CHURCH: DAN 8.16; 9.21;
LU 1.19,26; MAT 1.20; 2.13,19; LU 2.9; 22.43; MAT 28.2; AC 5.19; 8.26;
10.3; 12.7; 12.23; 27.23; 1 THES 4.16
THESE ANGELS HAD FOUR SIDES TO THEIR
FACE. THE FRONT LOOKED LIKE A MAN, THE RIGHT LIKE A LION, THE LEFT LIKE
AN OX, AND THE REAR WAS LIKE AN EAGLE.
THEY HAD FOUR WINGS, TWO OUTSTRETCHED
WHILE TWO COVERED THEIR BODY. A HUMAN HAND PROTRUDED OUT FROM EACH WING
TIP. WHEN THEY FLEW, THEIR WINGS MADE SOUNDS LIKE THE CRASHING OF WAVES
ON THE SEASHORE.
THE CHERUBIM HAD CLOVEN CALVES FEET
SHINY LIKE BRASS.
THE CHERUBIM MOVED IN GROUPS OF FOUR,
THE WINGS OF EACH ONE TOUCHING THE NEXT SO THAT THEY MADE A SQUARE FLYING
FORMATION. THEY MOVED AS A GROUP WITHOUT MOVING THEIR BODIES.
THEIR DUTY WAS TO GUARD THE THRONE
OF GOD. THEY WERE ALSO POSTED AROUND EDEN TO KEEP MAN OUT ONCE HE WAS EXPELLED.
THE CHERUBIM ALSO GUARDED THE ARK OF THE COVENANT.
SATAN WAS A CHIEF CHERUB BEFORE
HE FELL FROM GRACE. (GEN 3.24; EXO 25.18-20; EZEK 1.4-28; 10.1-22; ISA
14.12; EZEK 28.14)
SERAPHIM: THESE ANGELS
HAD SIX WINGS, TWO PAIRS COVERING BOTH FACE AND FEET, ONE PAIR TO FLY WITH.
THESE ANGELS ARE IN CHARGE OF HEAVENLY WORSHIP (ISA 6.1-7). THE NAME "SERAPHIM"
MEANS "THE BURNING ONES".
FOUR ELDER ANGELS: THOUGH
RELATED TO THE CHERUBIM, THEY ARE A SEPARATE ANGELIC CATEGORY. THESE ANGELS
POSSIBLY HOLD THE RESPONSIBILITY THAT SATAN HAD BEFORE HIS FALL.
EACH ANGEL FLIES WITH SIX OUTSTRETCHED
WINGS. EACH ANGEL'S BODY IS COVERED WITH EYES.
EACH ANGEL HAS A DIFFERENT FACE, ONE
LIKE A LION, ANOTHER AN EAGLE, ANOTHER AN OX, ANOTHER A MAN. THESE ANGELS
GUARD THE THRONE OF GOD.
ONE OF EACH ANGEL WILL ANNOUNCE ONE
OF THE FIRST FOUR TRIBULATIONAL JUDGMENTS. (REV 4.6-9; 5.8; 6.1; 6.3,5,7)
RULING ANGELS ARE ANGELS
IN SATAN'S HIERARCHY, AND ARE LISTED AS PRINCIPALITIES, POWERS, THRONES,
AUTHORITIES, DOMINIONS, AND MIGHT. (EPH 1.21; 3.10; COL 1.16; 2.10; 1 PE
GUARDIAN ANGELS WATCH
OVER BELIEVERS: MAT 18.10; HE 1.14
WATER ANGELS CONTROL
THE FLOW OF THE TIDES AND THE SEAS: REV 16.5
ABYSS ANGELS GUARD THE
FALLEN ANGELS TRAPPED IN TARTARUS (THE PIT: REV 9.1; GEN 6.2)
FIRE ANGELS CONTROL FIRE
JUDGMENT ANGELS WILL
DISPENSE JUDGMENTS DURING THE LATTER HALF OF THE TRIBULATION (REV 8.1;
WATCHER ANGELS WATCH
AND RECORD THE EVENTS ON EARTH AMONGST MANKIND (DAN 4.13)
TWENTY FOUR ELDER ANGELS
LEAD HEAVENLY WORSHIP, CASTING THEIR CROWNS AT THE FEET OF GOD IN HIS THRONE.
ALL HAVE WHITE CLOTHING AND GOLDEN CROWNS. (REV 4.4)
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